From the beginning of times, conception and birth are common in place, but there are some couples to whom nature is less kind than others. It leaves them in shock and disappointment so profound that their belief in themselves is shattered. They began to compromise with their life and avoid all types of happiness. What they fail to realize is that there are solutions for all problems. All they need to do is to know what their problem is and how to overcome it.
In this article, you’ll get sound knowledge on infertility and its causes. Take a quick Glance.
Let’s begin with the basics i.e. what is infertility? Infertility is the inability to conceive a child, and more specifically, the failure of a couple to conceive in over a year in spite of having sexual relations without contraceptives. About 10% of couples will have disorders in both the male and the female partner. Some 10-15% of couples has no identifiable cause for their infertility or will become pregnant during the evaluation.
Causes of Infertility in Male
Male fertility is not the medical mystery anymore.Modern science has become exceedingly more adept at understanding this commonplace condition. While it may be embarrassing for a man to seek help for the problem, it is easier to diagnose now, with the help of current research. There are three most common causes of male infertility, it includes:
i. Low Sperm Count: The normal sperm count in one milliliter of semen is over 20 million. A man with a sperm count of 5 to 20 million is considered sub-fertile. A man with a sperm count of less than 5 million is considered infertile.
ii. Abnormal Sperm Structure: Sperm having abnormal structure may also cause problems. Some sperm may be immature or have abnormalities in their head or tail. A semen sample has to contain less than 25 percent of these types of sperm to be considered normal.
iii. A Defect of the Reproductive System: Some males are born with a genetic defect that blocks the part of the testicle containing sperm. Men who suffer from a condition known as vasa deferentia lack the tubes necessary to carry sperm.
An obstruction of the reproductive system can also greatly impede the sperm delivery process. This condition occurs during orgasm when semen enters the bladder instead of existing through the penis. Infertility results because the semen is unable to leave the male’s body and therefore has no way of reaching the women’s vagina.
Causes of Infertility in Female
i. No Ovulation: Ovulatory problems include malfunctions of the hypothalamus or pituitary gland, which can lead to too much or too little FSH and LH being secreted. This results in immature eggs and the ovaries being unable to ovulate properly. Scarred ovaries as a result of extensive or invasive surgery for repeated ovarian cysts can prevent ovulation occurring.
ii. Oocyte Abnormalities: The main cause of female infertility due to oocyte abnormalities is a failure to ovulate regularly. Those disorders that result in oligo-ovulation or anovulation also fall into three categories: hypothalamic dysfunction, pituitary disease and ovarian dysfunction.
iii. Uterine Abnormalities: Abnormalities such as adhesions polyps and sub-mucous fibroids contributes to the problems of infertility, recurrent pregnancy loss and a poor outcome in pregnancy that occurs in approximately 25% women with uterine anomalies.
The information here provided is a small part of infertility, there are other causes also. It’s better to consult a doctor as soon as possible and take the necessary steps for a blessed life.