Tuberculosis is the deadly disease of the lungs, a respiratory tract disease. It is a bacterial infection affects the bloodstream, lymph nodes and affects various organs in the body. Caused by the bacteria called ‘Mycobacterium tuberculosis’ the infect spread silently in the bloodstream without showing any symptoms. It is a contagious disease. Being inactive bacteria, it easily spread easily through air, water, when you laugh, sneeze, and even talk etc.
Although the infection may spread all over the body, the bacteria causing infection remains so inactive without showing off symptoms. It becomes active when the immunity drops. The active bacteria make the organs deadly and when untreated, it becomes fatal! The bacteria remain inactive for a minimum of 4 years in the body. The condition is not quite risky until they become active. There were many cases where many lived without making the inactive bacteria active one! Continuous or prolonged exposure to the bacteria enhances the risk of the disease.
Tuberculosis, aka TB was one of the most fatal conditions until a few decades! However, with introduction of powerful antibiotics, the disease was almost eradicated. Still, it exists due to pollution, exposure to chemicals, and mainly smoking.
Some of the common symptoms of TB include,
• Persistent coughing
• Shortness of breadth
• Fatigue and extreme tiredness
• Heavy palpitations and chest pain
• Night sweats
• Swollen throat
• Difficulty to drink or eat due to irritation and inflammation in the throat
• Bloody mucus, bleeding during coughing, etc
• Constant itchiness and irritation in the throat etc
It makes a lot of difference when a person is infected with TB and having a TB disease. Those who never smoke may hit by TB disease. Later is the one who developed the condition on his own, while the former is the one who was infected by having contact or staying close with the TB affected individual. Exposure to pollution or when you inhale the cigar smoking frequently, etc may also lead to TB.
So, getting infected with TB doesn’t mean the affected individual will get TB disease. As mentioned earlier, healthy immune system and healthy lifestyle make the bacteria remains inactive for years! Yes, with TB infection in the body, the bacterium may remain harmless.
Blood test detects the presence of tuberculosis bacteria in the bloodstream. A small quantity of liquid called tuberculin is injected on the skin. After two or three days, a small bump appears in the injected area. Size of the bump and reaction of the fluid injected determines the result. When the result is positive, you are infected with TB!
Preventive therapy in form of drugs is provided to those who are infected with TB. It aids in destroying the inactive bacteria. However, there are a few types of advanced tuberculosis stages, where the germs are more powerful and medicines don’t respond to treatment.
Remember, those are infected by HIV virus is more prone to TB infection! It was a deadly scenario of the past. However, don’t ignore. As long as your immunity is good, you can protect yourself from growth of disease.