The Facts That You Never Knew About Cervical Cancer

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The Facts That You Never Knew About Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that affects women. Next to breast cancer, it is cervical cancer that is established as the most common cancer that women encounter. Cervical cancer occurs in the cervix. In other words, in the neck of the womb. This is a gradually developing cancer that does not show any early symptoms. The two types of cells found on the cervix are squamous and columnar. Most cervical cancers are from squamous cells. Women who smoke, use oral contraceptives and have many sexual partners are more likely to develop cervical cancer.

A Brief History on the Risk Factors of Cervical Cancer

 

Sex

HPV is common virus that affects the cells of the cervix. It is transmitted mainly during sex. The risk of cervical cancer increases while having sex at an early age or having many sexual partners. Women who have single sexual partner may also develop cervical cancer.

Smoking

Women who smoke develop CIN as well as a common type of cervical cancer known as squamous cell cervical cancer.

Weakened Immune system

Weakened immune system is also another cause for cervical cancer. The immune system may weaken due to smoking, poor diet or infections such as HIV/AIDS

Contraceptive pill

Long-term usage of contraceptive pills also increases the risk of developing cervical cancer. This type of cancer is not infectious and thus, it does not spread from people to people.

Symptoms of Cervical cancer

signs of cervical cancer

 

  • The most common symptom of cervical cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding, especially between periods or after sex.
  • Bleeding at any other time, other than expected monthly period is also considered as unusual bleeding. This includes bleeding after menopause, i.e. when a woman’s monthly period stops.
  • Discomfort and pain during sex is another symptom of cervical cancer
  • If you get unpleasant smell from your vaginal discharge, it could also be a warning sign of cervical cancer.

Stages of Cervical cancer

Stages of Cervical Cancer

 

Early Stage

During the early stage, surgery is the main treatment. Radiotherapy is also considered to be an effective treatment at the early stage and an alternative to surgery.

Locally advanced Cancer

Chemoradiation is the important treatment for locally advanced cancer. In case, the cancer has spread to nearby organs, then a surgery known as pelvic exenteration may be done.

Advanced –stage Cancer

Chemotherapy is done because at this stage the cancer must have spread to more parts of the body including the liver and lungs.

There are two types of test that will either help you to prevent cervical cancer or find it early.

The Pap test (or Pap smear) is done as a part of regular pelvic examination. Cells from the cervix are collected and examined. If any abnormality is found in the Pap smear test, then you can go for further evaluation. This test screens only cervical cancer and not any other gynecologic cancer.

  1. HPV test looks for HPV virus that causes precancerous cell changes and cervical cancer.

Whether you are worried that you might develop cervical cancer or making decisions about treatment, this article will give you a clear insight about cervical cancer. It is advisable to meet your doctor as early as possible, because when detected early, cervical cancer is one of the most successfully treatable cancers.

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    About The Author

    Dr.Nalini Sreekanth

    I have been practicing alternative medicine for the past 7 years in and out of India.Coming from a traditional family from Kerala, Gods own country.My fore fathers where into traditional Ayurveda practice over 7 generations.read more

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