Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that affects women. Next to breast cancer, it is cervical cancer that is established as the most common cancer that women encounter. Cervical cancer occurs in the cervix. In other words, in the neck of the womb. This is a gradually developing cancer that does not show any early symptoms. The two types of cells found on the cervix are squamous and columnar. Most cervical cancers are from squamous cells. Women who smoke, use oral contraceptives and have many sexual partners are more likely to develop cervical cancer.
A Brief History on the Risk Factors of Cervical Cancer
HPV is common virus that affects the cells of the cervix. It is transmitted mainly during sex. The risk of cervical cancer increases while having sex at an early age or having many sexual partners. Women who have single sexual partner may also develop cervical cancer.
Women who smoke develop CIN as well as a common type of cervical cancer known as squamous cell cervical cancer.
Weakened Immune system
Weakened immune system is also another cause for cervical cancer. The immune system may weaken due to smoking, poor diet or infections such as HIV/AIDS
Long-term usage of contraceptive pills also increases the risk of developing cervical cancer. This type of cancer is not infectious and thus, it does not spread from people to people.
Symptoms of Cervical cancer
- The most common symptom of cervical cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding, especially between periods or after sex.
- Bleeding at any other time, other than expected monthly period is also considered as unusual bleeding. This includes bleeding after menopause, i.e. when a woman’s monthly period stops.
- Discomfort and pain during sex is another symptom of cervical cancer
- If you get unpleasant smell from your vaginal discharge, it could also be a warning sign of cervical cancer.
Stages of Cervical cancer
During the early stage, surgery is the main treatment. Radiotherapy is also considered to be an effective treatment at the early stage and an alternative to surgery.
Locally advanced Cancer
Chemoradiation is the important treatment for locally advanced cancer. In case, the cancer has spread to nearby organs, then a surgery known as pelvic exenteration may be done.
Advanced –stage Cancer
Chemotherapy is done because at this stage the cancer must have spread to more parts of the body including the liver and lungs.
There are two types of test that will either help you to prevent cervical cancer or find it early.
The Pap test (or Pap smear) is done as a part of regular pelvic examination. Cells from the cervix are collected and examined. If any abnormality is found in the Pap smear test, then you can go for further evaluation. This test screens only cervical cancer and not any other gynecologic cancer.
- HPV test looks for HPV virus that causes precancerous cell changes and cervical cancer.
Whether you are worried that you might develop cervical cancer or making decisions about treatment, this article will give you a clear insight about cervical cancer. It is advisable to meet your doctor as early as possible, because when detected early, cervical cancer is one of the most successfully treatable cancers.
More from my site
Get Healthcare Articles Directly in Your Inbox
Tags: cervical cancer back pain, cervical cancer bleeding, cervical cancer by age, cervical cancer causes, cervical cancer cure, cervical cancer definition, cervical cancer effects, cervical cancer facts, cervical cancer in india, cervical cancer screening, cervical cancer symptoms, cervical cancer treatment, cervical cancer vaccine, hpv an cervical cancer, stage a cervical cancer, what does a cervical cancer feel like, what does a cervical cancer look like